Corneal abrasions are defined as surface scratches on the outer lens of the eyes. There are a number of reasons why this happens but one of the most common reasons is that particles get lodged in the eyes. Another reason is wearing contact lenses.
Corneal Abrasions Are Painful
Having a scratched cornea is painful and also alarming. People who suffer from this condition experience pain, redness, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light. They may also experience excessive tear shedding in an attempt to dislodge the irritant causing the abrasion. In worse cases, patients might suffer from swelling of the eye.
The eyes are the fastest organs in the body that can heal. While it is self-healing, the cells that are damaged will reconnect to the undamaged layers in the eyes thereby renewing the cornea. A small scratch on the cornea can heal within 24 hours depending on the severity of the abrasion. Once the eyes heal on its own, it leaves no permanent damage.
However, there are instances when allowing the eyes to heal on its own might not be such a good idea. This is true especially among people who are involved in severe eye trauma or those who still experience pain after 24 hours. Seeing an eye doctor can help assess and examine your condition.
How Eye Doctors Can Help
The doctor will examine the affected eye and will give drops depending on the condition of the eyes.
What to Avoid in Preventing Abrasions on The Cornea
To avoid corneal abrasions, it is crucial that you stop wearing contact lenses (if you are) during the whole treatment period to help the healing process. Avoid scratching your eyes instead flush your eyes with water.